An Introduction To Total Station: The Essential Combination Of Surveying Technology
An Introduction to Total Station: The Essential Combination of Surveying Technology
What is Total Station?
Total station is a combination of a theodolite, an electronic distance meter, and a microprocessor. A total station instrument is used to measure sloping distances, horizontal and vertical angles, and elevations in topographic and geodetic surveys. It is also used to determine coordinates of surveyed points.
History and Development of Total Station
Total station was first developed in the 1950s when theodolites were combined with electronic distance measurement (EDM) devices. This combination was referred to as electronic tacheometers. In the 1980s, total station technology was further developed to include microprocessors and data storage capabilities. This allowed surveyors to store data in the instrument itself, rather than relying on an external data source. As technology has advanced, total station instruments have become more accurate and reliable, and have been used in a wide variety of surveying applications.
Components of a Total Station
The total station consists of three main components: the theodolite, the EDM, and the microprocessor. The theodolite is used to measure and calculate horizontal and vertical angles. The EDM is used to measure distances, typically between two points. The microprocessor is used to store data, process calculations, and generate output.
Advantages of Total Station
Total station is a combination of theodolite and EDM, which makes it a versatile tool for surveying and mapping. It is accurate, precise, and easy to use. Additionally, it can be used in any environment, including indoors and in low-light conditions. Furthermore, total station instruments can be operated remotely, which eliminates the need for manual data entry.
Applications of Total Station
Total station is used in a variety of surveying applications, such as construction surveying, engineering surveying, mining surveying, and topographic surveying. It is also used to measure distances, elevations, and horizontal and vertical angles for mapping and land surveying. In addition, total station instruments are used in control networks for precise positioning.
Total station is a combination of theodolite, EDM, and microprocessor, which makes it a powerful tool for surveying and mapping. It is accurate, precise, and easy to use, and can be used in any environment. Total station is used for a variety of applications, such as construction surveying, engineering surveying, mining surveying, and topographic surveying. It is also used to measure distances, elevations, and horizontal and vertical angles for mapping and land surveying. 02-Feb-2023