Which Explanation Best Describes The Difference Between Exemplar And Prototype Theory?

Which explanation best describes the difference between exemplar and prototype theory? Exemplar theory suggests that a new stimulus is compared to multiple known exemplars in a category, while prototype theory suggests that a new stimulus is compared to a single prototype in a category.



What is the benefit of an exemplar?

Exemplars are provided examples of best or worst practice in the educational environment, which are designed to assist students to increase their understanding of particular skills, content or knowledge in any given situation and articulate established criteria and standards.


Which explanation best describes the difference between exemplar and prototype theory?

Which explanation best describes the difference between exemplar and prototype theory? Exemplar theory suggests that a new stimulus is compared to multiple known exemplars in a category, while prototype theory suggests that a new stimulus is compared to a single prototype in a category.


What is a prototype in psychology?

A prototype is a mental representation that serves as a cognitive reference point for the category. The most salient features of the prototype are the first features that come to mind when the category is mentioned. The effects that prototypes have on categorization are referred to as prototype effects.


Who proposed exemplar theory?

In the 1980s, Robert Nosofsky proposed exemplar theory as a potential explanation. Exemplar theory is a cognitive and psychological explanation for how categorisation occurs.


What is exemplar in machine learning?

Machine learning can be thought of as exemplar programming. Exemplar programming is creating examples of a (input,output) pairs which are used by an algorithm to predict a function from input to output.


What is the benefit of an exemplar quizlet?

The advantages of using exemplars are exemplar approach to categorization can explain our behavior just like the prototype approach, and it can account for being able to categorize an object that is atypical.


What is a good example of a prototype?

An early sample or model built to test a concept or process. The prototype had loose wires and rough edges, but it worked. The definition of a prototype is the original model. An example of a prototype is the first model of a new robot.


In what way are prototype and exemplar theories of categorization similar to one another?

Prototype and exemplar theories are both versions of statistical theories of concepts. These theories generally hold that concepts represent categories by means of some statistically important properties of their referents.


What is prototype in sociolinguistics?

A prototype is a cognitive reference point, i.e the proto-image of all representatives of the meaning of a word or of a category. Thus, a robin or a sparrow can be regarded as a prototype or a "good example" of the category bird, whereas a penguin or an ostrich is a rather "bad example" of this category.


What is the difference between concept and prototype?

I think this shows one last difference between concepts and prototypes: prototypes are identified relative to being a human, but concepts (for adjectives at least) are relative to whatever is 'normal' for the noun.


What is the main characteristic of a prototype?

Prototypes have four main qualities: Representation — The prototype itself, i.e., paper and mobile, or HTML and desktop. Precision — The fidelity of the prototype, meaning its level of detail—low-fidelity or high-fidelity.


Who introduced prototype?

Up to now humans have been prototyping manually with scale or fully working models but that was to change with the invention of computers. Fast forward to the '60s and an engineering professor called Herbert Voeckler explored the possibilities of using computers to control the factory floor machine tools.


What is an example of a prototype in psychology?

n. 1. in concept formation, the best or average exemplar of a category. For example, the prototypical bird is some kind of mental average of all the different kinds of birds of which a person has knowledge or with which a person has had experience. 2.


What is an exemplar model?

Exemplar models are a successful class of psychological process mod- els that use an inventory of stored examples to solve prob- lems such as identification, categorization and function learn- ing.


What is category prototype?

A prototype is the best or most central member of a category. An object can be described in terms of prototypicality, which refers to the degree to which it is a good example of a category.


Can an exemplar be a prototype?

While a prototype is an abstract average of the members of a category, an exemplar is an actual member of a category, pulled from memory. While prototypes are economical—meaning they are more conducive to quick judgments—exemplars are less so.


What is a prototype CH 9?

Prototype: a typical member of a category. How do people use prototypes to categorize objects.


What is an exemplar representation?

Exemplar theory assumes that people categorize a novel object by comparing its similarity to the memory representations of all previous exemplars from each relevant category. Exemplar theory has been the most prominent cognitive theory of categorization for more than 30 years.


How do prototypes and exemplars relate to each other quizlet?

Prototype theory is almost entirely focused on the physical nature of something, which is how we make a categorical determination. Exemplars are similar, albeit they do take into account some contextual elements to help us identify subjects in different environments and situations.



22-Jul-2022

Education

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